Being the Body of Christ

I enjoy the Fall Season for so many reasons. Mostly because of the cooler days, the agrarian rituals of harvest and good food, and the Thanksgiving Day traditions with family and friends.

In our church family, November marks the celebration of Christ, Our Chief Elder (November 13), Unity Moravian’s 37th Anniversary (November 16), and the universal Christian Church’s celebration of Christ the King Sunday (November 26).

But, I have a confession: These church celebrations of Jesus is Lord, Jesus is Chief Elder, and Jesus is King, are terms and notions that I have struggled with over the years. I have never lived under a “King,” only a democracy. My father did not consider himself, or act as though he was “Lord of the Manner.” I also struggle with the notion that somehow Jesus is our Chief Elder; and how we are supposed to solicit his opinion or decision on every issue facing us.

What happens when one group believes Jesus is leading this way… and another believes Jesus is leading that way?

The New Testament writers have given Jesus many titles which are used to try and define his divinity and role in the universe – as well as in our personal worlds. In the first chapter of John’s gospel, Jesus is described as the Word, Son of God, Lamb of God, Messiah, Rabbi, King of Israel, and Son of Man. St. Paul describes Jesus as Lord. What does professing in these titles mean for us today?

Could it be that all of these titles given to Jesus help give understanding to the kind of relationship we might have with Jesus that brings us to a place in life where we become free?

  • Think for a moment — what it would mean to live in Jesus’ household where he was “Lord of the Manor?” How would life in that household be? Could we live in a family that accepts each other and loves each other with an unconditional love?
  • Think for a moment — what it would mean to live in a community, a state, where Jesus was King, and ruler of everything that happened in that state. How would life in that Kingdom be? Would we truly see a kingdom where the last is first, where everyone is treated with justice and fairness?
  • Think for a moment — what it would mean to join a church where Jesus was the Chief Elder. How would life in that congregation be? Could we completely trust Jesus’ way of handling things? (Like forgiving, turning the cheek, praying for the other, healing insult, being a servant?)

Is it possible for us to allow Jesus’ wise interpretations of scripture, his way of dealing with others, his prayer life with God, and his willingness to stop, comfort, heal, and forgive, as well as his illustrations and descriptions of God, to seep into our own psyche, and into our attitudes and choices of conversation and engagement?

This November, Unity Moravian Church will celebrate our 37th anniversary as followers of Jesus who have been called to worship together and mystically become the “Body of Christ.”

As Christ’s body, will we be able to see as Christ sees, hear as Christ hears, and act as Christ acts? With Christ as our Chief Elder, he will show us how a community can live life together without fear, insult, guilt or shame, because everyone in this household is accepted and cherished.

Faithfully,
Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina. This article was first published in the November 2017 church newsletter. 

Leaving Room for Grace

On Sunday, October the 8th, at 3:30pm at Friedland Moravian Church, the Southern Province will gather to review the study, prayer, and discernment process we have been engaged in, trying to come to an understanding on the issue of homosexuality and church teaching.

Personally, I’ll admit that I have avoided weighing in on this issue. For over the past 25 years I have been deeply involved in the United Methodist Church’s efforts to reconcile the differences – to no satisfactory result. However, I think it may be time for me to take a risk… and reflect on some of my observations.

No issue since slavery, has caused such a split in the Christian denominations. It is clear, that the core reference point for the church is what scripture says, and how scripture is interpreted and understood – not only in its original, ancient world context, but how it might be applied in our modern world today.

What I have found is that folks have drawn a line in the sand about the Bible.

On one side is an “all-or-nothing” view where each sentence, phrase, law, command, must be accepted literally, as God’s intention for us without nuance, wherever possible. Another is a historical view that puts these laws and teachings in their original communities and tries to discern why they were important to the folks then, and how we might use these teachings to clarify our own understandings about God and God’s intentions, and therefore improving our own lives today.

Over and above all of this, is whether the Hebrew writings (Old Testament) and the Church writings (New Testament) are considered “God ordained” – or “God dictated.” In other words, is the Bible itself, somehow God speaking? Is the Bible God’s intent written down by spiritual people of the past? (The Unity of Brethren made it clear, that for them, scripture is not an essential – meaning that it isn’t a substitute for God, but a ministerial – a tool that points to God. Their reasoning was that scripture was used as a weapon against them by the established church to denounce their reformed ideas.)

So, how do we understand the saying: “This is the Word of God for the People of God?” This response after scripture readings is stated in our own sanctuary and thousands of sanctuaries across the world every Sunday. I have come to believe that the way we understand what scripture is, and how it is to be interpreted and understood, determines how we view ourselves and others.

So, how do you feel about your homosexual brothers and sisters? How influential is scripture in these feelings? Will doctrine override relationships? As much as I have hoped that homosexuality would not split the United Methodist Church… I fear it is going to do just that. After all, it has split the Episcopal Church and foiled the Presbyterians’ attempts at unification.

So, how will the Moravians fare?

My inner sense of my congregations through the years leads me to believe that most of you reading this letter have made up your mind. We seem to able to stay together and do ministry for Christ as long as no decision is made on a denominational level.

But… as soon as a denominational vote is taken…

As a pastor, many of my colleagues and I have difficulty accepting that pastoral care and ministry offered to any particular person should come down to a vote.

So, my hope is that whatever you have decided in your heart, that you will leave room for grace. I may be naïve, but I do believe that no matter what side of the issue you are on, you have a heart for Christ’s love and you will continue to follow the path you believe Christ is leading you.

Christ’s church has survived martyrs, reformers, crusaders, inquisitions, inner wars, corrupt priests and pastors, theological debates, slavery, schisms, and will survive this.

It is a shame that we humans have had to go through these difficult disagreements when what we seek most is Christ’s mercy and peace. May God bless you as you pray and discern your own heart. And if, or when, the denominational decision is made, may you not feel abandoned or vindicated, but may you find peace in your heart to continue in Christ’s way.

Faithfully yours,
Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina. This article was first published in the October 2017 church newsletter. 

Join We All: The August 13th Story

Each August 13th we celebrate the renewal of the Unitas Fratrum. This is a remarkable story of the Czech reformation Christian refugees, who, for over 150 years had been forced into hiding in the areas of Moravia and ultimately Poland. Now, they had come together with disenfranchised Lutheran Pietists and other religious non-conformists to set up camp on Count Ludwig Von Zinzendorf’s land in Saxony (eastern Germany).

Would Zinzendorf allow them to stay? Would he deport these illegal immigrants back to where they came from? What is the game plan? What is it that they want from Zinzendorf and from each other? They don’t want to be Lutheran, or Roman Catholic, or Anabaptist… So, what do they want?

Zinzendorf accepted this ragtag group, and entrusted the care of this developing community to the Lutheran Pastor of Berthelsdorf, Johann Rothe. For the next two years, Pastor Rothe worked with the sixty or so folks who wanted to form a worshiping and ministering community.

These refugees then began building their village they called Herrnhut (which means The Lord’s Watch), and they worshiped in Pastor Rothe’s Lutheran church in Berthelsdorf where Zinzendorf lived – only a 20-minute walk away.

Zinzendorf began assisting with some pastoral duties, but when the Herrnhut community began to grow and quarrels and disputes became inevitable, he assumed more responsibility and authority to bring order and purpose to this group.

In May of 1727, Zinzendorf encouraged every resident of Herrnhut to sign his document called Manorial Injunctions and Prohibitions along with the Brotherly Agreement which made clear to all who voluntarily signed, that this was to be a religious community with the teachings of Christ as their core.

After the signings, Zinzendorf instituted the Bands which were made up of small groups of volunteers led by a director who assumed responsibility for the pastoral care and spiritual direction of each person in the band. (The Wesleys copied this organization model calling them “Methodist Societies.”) Christian David gives a description of the workings of the band:

We meet as bands to confess to one another the state of our heart and sinful inclinations…this is not done to give light to our imperfections, but that one may see the rightness of the heart. In this way, we learn to trust one another, to meet once a week to assist each other with the unburdening of the heart.

On Sunday, August 13, 1727 during the service of Holy Communion at the Lutheran Church in Berthelsdorf, the Holy Spirit came upon these people and they realized that they had a purpose. They wanted to be Christ’s congregation.

Zinzendorf encouraged the bands to meet and sent food from his manor house to the homes where they were gathering. These “Agape Meals” or “Lovefeasts” became important for this community as it grew together in love and in mission for Christ.

290 years ago, on August 13, 1727, the Unitas Fratrum was brought back to life in the form of the Moravian Church.

What might God have in store for us this August 13, 2017?

Blessings to all,

Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina. This article was first published in the August 2017 church newsletter. 

Singing in the Storm

Dear Unity Family,

In the month of July, we will commemorate Jan Hus’ courageous mission to bring the Spirit of Christ to the people in their common language and in the sharing of the cup of grace in the sacrament of Holy Communion. Hus, of course was a Medieval Roman Catholic Priest in the city of Prague, who felt the “Church” had put institutional authority ahead of faith and discipleship to Christ and Christ’s love for everyone.

In his 1915 Princeton lecture entitled “The Life and Work of John Hus,” Dr. Remsen DuBois Bird states:

Thus he perished, a man whose only offense even in the eyes of those who condemned him, was that he placed the Bible before the Church, the Lord before the Pope, and the individual conscience before the will of the hierarchy. Thus he perished, John Hus, a man who deserves to live on in the hearts of those who love the Lord, as a dauntless hero, a champion of the Holy Word, a martyr to the truth. Thus he perished, a man who was a great patriot and leader of his people, a heaven-inspired preacher of righteousness and as such one truly zealous for the reform of the church.

Sunday, July 9, we will share the bread and cup of Holy Communion remembering our Lord, Jesus, and his sacrificial love for humanity. We will also remember Jan Hus and his faith in Christ and desire to move the church away from institutional politics to a ministry of love and faithfulness to all the people.

The Moravian revival in the early 1700’s rode in on the wave of music. John Wesley and his brother, Charles, were introduced to the Moravians through their hymn singing as they sailed for Georgia in October 1735. On the four-month journey, a storm came up suddenly and broke the main mast. While the Englishmen were crying, a group of Moravians calmly sang hymns and prayed. John Wesley was impressed by their personal faith in the face of a dangerous, life-threatening storm. He became convinced of his inner weakness while the Moravians seemed to possess an inner faith he did not. It was through his friendship with Moravians that Wesley discovered what seemed to be missing in his faith – a conviction that through Christ, God had truly justified our existence, and in spite of our sinfulness, had forgiven us and redeemed us to our full value as human beings. We are now free from the fear that we are unworthy, or unable to live up to a perceived standard of perfection. We can relax and allow Christ’s Spirit to complete us, and lead us to a fulfilling life.

We can sing in the midst of life’s storms!

In the last week of July, we will celebrate Moravian Music at the highest levels. Please note the information about the Moravian Music Festival found in this newsletter and consider participating in a choir or band… and/or attending the many concerts during the week. The month of July allows us to celebrate our earliest roots and musical heritage as we bring our Moravian Christian faith to the people in our 21st century world.

Faithfully,

Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina. This article was first published in the July 2017 church newsletter. 

Dear Unity, from a New Moravian Advocate!

Dear Unity Family,

I have completed the Moravian Leadership Network program which began last September and finished the weekend after Easter. Thanks to Ruth Cole Burcaw and the many Moravian leaders from Moravian Theological Seminary to pastors and teachers in the Southern Province, who guided us through Moravian history, theology, and congregational practice. It is clear to me that the Holy Spirit brought the people together in Herrnhut, Germany to mold them and use them to spread the Good News: that God came to us in Christ, and is with us today in “Spirit.”

In these gatherings as well as the Synod preparation gathering at New Philadelphia Moravian Church last February, we heard from our younger generation of Moravians. Some of the things they said have stuck with me, and these are my words of interpretation I would like to share with you:

Church, we talk and talk and talk, but we do so using a dead language. We ’re holding on to dusty words that have no resonance in people’s ears, not realizing that just saying those words over and over isn’t the answer. Are we too lazy to find new words and expressions that speak in a language that more people can understand? Are our words becoming empty, because we do not always live them in earnest – like forgiving, accepting, showing kindness, trying to understand others?

Church, are we spending most of our time, money and energy on our building and property in hopes people will come? Are we content to franchise out our particular brand of Jesus-stuff, then sit back and wait for the sinful world to beat down our door?

On June 4th, we celebrate the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. The story Luke tells in Acts is so bizarre, we find it hard to relate it to our own experience.

But, in John’s Gospel, Jesus says that the Holy Spirit looks like an Advocate –the one who stands up for you when you need it; the one who speaks on your behalf; the one who lends you a helping hand, takes your side, and won’t leave you while you’re down.

What if John is telling us that the Holy Spirit looks a lot like you and me when we stand up for others, try to be accepting and forgiving as Jesus, and carry Christ’s love into the world?

Wouldn’t this be like we were able to take one of those huge, indescribable, rather esoteric theological concepts and bring it down to earth, make it understandable, even seriously imaginable? And maybe, just maybe, each Sunday, we will have an experience of the “Holy.” Then, actually think about how the Holy Spirit is at work in us and through us, for each other and for people in our world. Isn’t this what we’ve been hearing from our younger people? Could this be their way of expecting and experiencing “Pentecost” – the work of the Holy Spirit?

I am thankful to have been invited to be part of the Moravian tradition. I have learned much about this side of the Christian family and I have learned much about myself. And, thank you for your faithful ministry, because whether you know it or not, the Holy Spirit is not only working through you but also looks a lot like you, right now, as you continue bearing witness to Jesus.

Faithfully yours,
Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina. This article was first published in the June 2017 church newsletter. 

Being “Jubilee” in Easter

The season of Easter begins at sunset on the eve of Easter and ends on Pentecost. The 50 days of Easter are born out of thousands of years of Hebrew religious imagery, metaphor, and numeric symbolism.

For the Ancient Jews, these days represented the 49 days from Passover to Shavuot; Hellenistic Jews gave this day the name Pentecost (“50th day”). Shavuot/Pentecost commemorates the TORAH (Law) given by YAHWEH through Moses to the Hebrew people on Mount Sinai. Every year on the holiday of Pentecost, Jews renew their acceptance of TORAH as God’s special gift of life to them.

After those earliest Christians split from Synagogue Judaism, they adopted The Great Fifty Days as the time Jesus appeared to his followers and encouraged them to continue the work of forgiving, healing, feeding, and caring for those who were least, last and lost. Much later, the church adopted Pentecost as the time the Holy Spirit came and empowered the disciples to keep Jesus’ cause to build the kingdom of God.

“Fifty” also has a special significance in Jewish history according to TORAH (Leviticus 25: 8–12)… The Year of Jubilee came every 49 years – on the 50th year. When the trumpet sounded on the 50th year, liberty would be proclaimed throughout the land and then all of the property that had been taken by others for unpaid debts would have to be returned to the original tribes. On that year the land would be holy to God and the nation Israel and everyone could “eat the produce of the field.” What a celebration that must have been! Everyone that had been indebted was then released from that debt and able to start over again by having their land returned to them.

The writer of Matthew includes another metaphor for Jubilee – the forgiveness found in God’s Kingdom. From within Jesus, himself, and through his mission we experience the Jubilee of God. We are released from debtor’s prison of sinfulness and our fortunes are restored and we can start again. As the anticipation of God’s Kingdom became more broadly understood, there were some who believed that God might be working up to a Jubilee of Jubilees ushered in by God’s Messiah. If the ancient Hebrew Jubilee was to be celebrated after 7 x 7 (49 years); the Jubilee of Jubilees would go further, coming after 70 x 7 (490 years). Seventy times seven. Does that sound familiar?

“Then Peter came to Him and said, ‘Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?’ Jesus said to him, ‘I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.’” (Matthew 18:21-23)

Peter’s eyes must have gotten very, very big, because, this isn’t just any random number. It’s a number associated with the end of exile, the number of God’s apocalyptic intervention to bring his Kingdom to earth. It’s the number of the Jubilee of Jubilees! And, since the core of Jesus’ ministry was “forgiveness,” he invites Peter and you and I to become the Jubilee as well.

If forgiveness is what defines you – then, you are the Jubilee. That’s what I think Jesus is saying to Peter when Peter asks about the limits of forgiveness. Jesus is inviting Peter, and all of us, to forgive as we have been forgiven. To become people of mercy and grace…

To proclaim, in our own lives, the year of the Lord’s favor so that we might become the Jubilee.

Blessings to all as we practice forgiveness and reconciliation celebrating the Great Fifty Days of Easter.

Faithfully, Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina. This article was first published in the May 2017 church newsletter. 

Before the Lord Rises, We Clean the Graves

For many, Easter is primarily about giant bunnies and sugary Peeps. But Easter, for Moravian Christians, is much more. Beginning Ash Wednesday and running through Holy Week (with services nearly every night), Great Sabbath and into Easter morning (early!), we focus on the suffering, sacrifice, and, ultimately, joy of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. On Easter, many Moravians gather in God’s Acre (the church cemetery) to proclaim their faith in the resurrected Lord and celebrate newness of life as the sun rises. The Easter Sunrise Service gives us a chance to joyously proclaim our Christian faith, beginning with the opening words of the Easter Morning liturgy: “The Lord is risen!” We answer together: “The Lord is risen indeed!”

But we are a practical people too. At Unity Moravian Church here in Lewisville, NC, we don’t have a very large graveyard (like Salem) in which to observe our Easter service. But we take time each year to lovingly prepare the graves for our own Easter service, much in the same way the women visited the tomb that first Easter morning (see photos below). Yes, God’s Acre is a place to mourn and remember those who have died, but it is also a place where we rejoice because we know that even though our loved ones are no longer here on earth with us, they are now living with Jesus. God’s Acre is a place of peace, hope, and faith.

The links below provide some perspective on Moravian Easter, particularly as it’s celebrated in Winston-Salem, NC. Enjoy and remember, the Lord is Risen! That’s who we worship . . . a risen Christ.

We hope you join us at 11:00am Easter Sunday at Unity Moravian Church for a moving service which concludes on the graveyard, but we do also participate in a community sunrise service at 7:00am at Lewisville Square. All are welcome!

Finding That Easter Perspective

As we ponder the Easter season and the heart of our faith in Jesus, as the Risen Christ of God… how does the concept of resurrection impact your life? Is it real for you, or just a story told by a small group of ancient Jewish people over 2000 years ago?

We are continually challenged with the task of believing in truth or in fiction. None of us want to be duped by fake news stories we thought to be true or were told were true. So, we throw up a defense by saying that “you can’t believe everything you read, or hear.” Has our culture successfully molded us into cynics who are more and more willing to accept that things in life have no truth to them? If so, where do we place the art of storytelling to help us discover hidden truths, elusive truths, or God’s truths? Is storytelling just another way of saying something that isn’t true in order to find the truth? Admittedly, it can get a little complicated.

We humans have the mental and intuitive ability to discern what is factually true with regard to science and empirical truths of human and animal natures – at least the ones which can be repeated over and over, and witnessed by the masses. Throughout history, strong and healthy cultures and societies are built with common belief systems and strong disciplined adherence to the communal laws and institutions.

But what happens when trust in these become eroded? When does the truth matter? Does it matter in every aspect of life, say, in business, politics, religion, science, journalism, and entertainment? In the wake of the Madoff and other Ponzi schemes, Lance Armstrong, the Wall Street mortgage collapse, and the Edward Snowden intelligence scandal, perhaps some would say the truth only matters if you get caught.

In the case of religion – especially Christianity, we admit that the things we believe in are based in faith – not fact. We cannot prove or disprove “resurrection” – the very center of our faith.

What we do, then, is to listen to the stories from those earliest believers and try to hear from their words and experiences how believing in Christ’s resurrection reshaped their own view of God and of themselves. The truth they were living under about the Messiah was one truth, until they experienced Jesus. When he was crucified, that truth was also put to death. Then, the “unexplainable” experience of his resurrection allowed them to take a second look at Jesus and his hope for God’s kingdom to become real.

For those earliest followers of Jesus, after this experience, they realized that their error was a matter of believing and telling the wrong story…or, at least believing and telling the right story in the wrong way. But now, after encountering a risen Christ, and with the right story in their head and hearts, a new possibility started to emerge before them.

Would they dare suppose Jesus’ execution was not the clear disproof of his Messiahship, but that the cross actually validated his passion and his willingness to be martyred for God’s cause?

Suppose the cross was not one more example of the triumph of the Empire over God’s people but was actually God’s means of rising above evil once and for all?

Suppose this was, after all, how sins were to be forgiven and how this kingdom of love and inclusion of the “least in the world” was to come?

How often do we try to squeeze what we are told happened on Easter morning into our understanding of the world and how things work in the world?

And, then, after we have experienced what we might consider the worst thing that could happen to us or to our world, only to step back and see it from a new and different perspective – let’s say from an “Easter Perspective” – it’s the other way around.

Our new understandings of the world begin to fit into the reality of a resurrection world where we come to know a love that is more powerful than death, a love that conquers all, even the evil power of lies and injustice.

This, I believe, is the truth about resurrection. It’s Jesus’ way – the way of love – even love for the enemy. In John’s Gospel, Jesus says that when we follow his way – love’s way – we will come to know the truth, and the truth will set us free.

May this be a most meaningful Easter for us all!

Faithfully yours,
Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina.
This article was first published in the April 2017 church newsletter. 

Welcome to Lent

The Lenten Season arrives on March 1st – Ash Wednesday. The word “Lent” comes from the Middle English word for “spring” or the “lengthening of days.” It is a six-week season in the Christian year prior to Easter. (Technically, Lent comprises the 40 days before Easter, not counting the Sundays, or 46 days in total.) In the ancient church, Lent was a time for new converts to be instructed for baptism and for believers caught in sin to focus on repentance. In time, all Christians came to see Lent as a season to be reminded of their need for penitence and to prepare spiritually for the celebration of Easter.

Historically, many Protestants rejected the practice of Lent, pointing out that it was nowhere required in Scripture. But, as time has a way of softening protests and rejections
the Protestant denominations began to re-appropriate some of the more spiritual and meaningful attributes of the Roman Catholic Church – like the liturgical calendar and the seasons of Christ and the Church.

So, welcome to the Lenten season of the church calendar, where a king saddles up a donkey, where best friends deny and the most faithful scatter. This is the time when a murderer is set free so the Holy one of God can be executed. This is the ultimate “darkness before the dawn.”

Lent is a season of ashes and the reminder that life comes from God, a season of solemn worship, reflection, prayer and repentance. Our scriptures take us to the desert, to encounters with the evil that resides in us, and to wrestle with our own temptations and weakness.

We stand with Christ on the outskirts of Jerusalem as he prays out his sorrow for a people he came to champion, but who ultimately claimed no king but Caesar. In the immediate background is the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus would soon pray in anguish for acceptance of his role as sacrificial lamb for a fickle and self-absorbed humanity; where just beyond is the spot where his body would hang.

And, then, the shock of the universe would happen… this Jesus, who began a vision of God’s kingdom of love and grace for all, appeared before his closest friends to let them know his cause is not dead, they can continue, because God will be with them. Jesus did not die in vain…God would not allow it because God loves us! Christ’s church remains to tell this story, to live in Jesus’ new reality.

Six weeks is a long time to prepare for an instant, but this instant makes it all worthwhile. When the sun (Son) rises on Easter morning, the promise Jesus made to the criminal beside him comes true for all of us. In that moment, the ancient prophesies are fulfilled and the world clock is reset to zero (so to speak). May grace and truth accompany you on your Lenten journey to prepare you to fully embrace and proclaim “He is Risen!” on Easter morn.

Faithfully yours,

Barry

-The Rev. Barry Foster is pastor of Unity Moravian Church in Lewisville, North Carolina.
This article was first published in the March 2017 church newsletter. 

Unity’s Watchword for 2019

On Sunday, December 30, 2018, ushers distributed baskets of  “watchwords” for 2019 to those in attendance. Pastor Barry invited everyone to select their own personal “Watchword” for the year. He selected the following text for the congregation.

“We have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit that is from God, so that we may understand the gifts bestowed on us by God.” -I Corinthians 2:12

The Tradition of the “Watchword”

The roots of this long-standing tradition go back to the Renewed Moravian Church, a small group of refugees forming their own community of faith on the estate of Count Nicholas Ludvig von Zinzendorf, a Saxon nobleman.

On May 3, 1728, during the evening service, Count Zinzendorf gave the fledgling congregation a “watchword” for the next day. It was to be a “Losung” (watchword) to accompany them through the whole day.

Thereafter one or more persons of the congregation went daily to each of the 32 houses in Herrnhut to bring them the watchword for the day, and engage the families in pastoral conversations about the text.

From this oral tradition, the Daily Texts soon became fixed in printed form. Zinzendorf compiled 365 watchwords for the year and the first edition of the Losungen was published for 1731. Now printed in over 51 different languages and dialects and with an annual press run of nearly one and a half million, the Daily Texts is probably the most widely read devotional guide in the world, next to the Bible itself.

“The watchword is either a promise, an encouragement, an admonition or word of comfort; the doctrinal text contains a point of revealed doctrine.”

By 1812 it was established that all watchwords would be drawn by lot from a selection of Old Testament texts, and the doctrinal texts would be selected from the New Testament. By the end of the nineteenth century, the custom was established to relate the two texts in theme or thought.

Over the years, congregations began a tradition of distributing scriptures for people to select their own personal watchword (a scripture to guide or inspire them through the year) during the Watchnight (New Year’s Eve) Service or at a service held near the first of the new year.